Kruger National Park is home to the majority of the Earth’s remaining rhino populations. So what else do we know about the rhinos’ home?
*Kruger National Park is the largest game reserve in Africa. It spans across 19,633 square kilometres, basically the same size of Israel or New Jersey.
*There are 9 gates accessing the park, adding to the difficulty to monitor and patrol human activity in the park.
*It is also home to 336 tree, 49 fish, 34 amphibian, 114 reptile, 507 bird and 147 mammal species.
*In 1869 (before the park was officially even founded), a gold rush exploded in the region, which resulted in the side effect of a significant decrease in game due to hunting and trading of animal horns and skins.
*The park itself didn’t come into existence until 1898, when it was founded by Paul Kruger.
*The first game warden was appointed in 1902.
*The first motorist officially entered the park in 1927. Today Kruger has over a million visitors a year.
*There are important archaeological ruins in Kruger, providing ample evidence that prehistoric man roamed the area between 500,000 and 100,000 years ago.
Of course the biggest current threat to Kruger is poaching. The parks anti-poaching efforts consist of:
- employing 650 rangers
- receiving additional assistance from the police and National Defence Force
- a canine unit
Kruger holds a rich history, and it’s role to the future of the world’s rhinos, makes it a critical area of protection and preservation.